Enzo Ferrari reluctantly produced Grand Tourismo cars in the early 1950s as a means of financially fueling his racing program, and often as the request of loyal racing car customers. Coachwork was often provided by Carrozzerias such as Ghia, Touring, Vignale and Pinin Farina. The mechanical components were closely related to the company's racing cars but detuned for longevity and usability.
Ferrari's first production models are generally considered the 250 and 375 Europa and America series of 1953 to 1955, even though production was low (16 examples of the Europa and 9 of the America Pinin Farina coupes). These exclusive vehicles were priced in excess of $10,000 and provided Ferrari with a much cash infusion allowing them to remain at the pinnacle of motorsports. The 250 and 375 were among the world's ultimate Grand Touring automobiles of their era. Both models were introduced in October of 1953 at the Grand Palace Paris Auto Show. The main differences were the 250 Europa was equipped with a three-liter Lampredi engine while the 375 America used a Lampredi 4.5-liter V12 which delivered 300 horsepower. Both the short and long Lampredi V12s used the same external dimensions and engine mounts, chassis, gearbox, and suspension, so their Pinin Farina bodies were basically identical.
The larger and more powerful engine of the 375 America was ideally suited to America's new high-speed interstate highways while the smaller and less powerful three-liter Lampredi engine was designed for travel on continental roads.
The 4,522cc V12 engine in the 375 America used three Weber 40DCF (or DCZ) carburetors. Zero-to-sixty mph was accomplished in under seven seconds and the top speed was nearly 160 mph. It used a four-speed manual transmission and the wheelbase measured 110.2-inches. Most of the 375s had either three or five-window coupe bodies constructed by Pinin Farina. Vignale created coachwork for three coupes and one convertible. by Daniel Vaughan | Sep 2021
Coupe Coachwork: Pininfarina Designer: Pininfarina
The Ferrari 375 was introduced at the Paris Salon in 1953. During its production run which lasted until May of 1954, less than 45 examples of the 375 America were produced. The car was constructed for Ferrari's clientele who had the means to afford....[continue reading]
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1955 Ferrari 375 America Speciale Production Figures
Total 1955 Ferrari 375 America Speciale production: 0