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 Pierce-Arrow Model 66 photo

1916 Pierce-Arrow Model 66

History

The Pierce-Arrow Model 66 was one of the pinnacles of American design and craftsmanship of the early Twentieth century. Just like all Pierce-Arrows since 1910, they were powered by a six-cylinder engine. Originally they had a bore of 5.25-inches and a stroke of 5.5-inches giving it 714 cubic-inches of displacement. By 1913 it had grown to have a bore of 5-inches and a stroke of 7-inches. The engine displaced 825 cubic-inches and was double the size of many of its competitors. At 1600 RPM's, the engine was capable of producing 60 horsepower. This means the Type 66 was not only an elegant automobile, but it was also a very fast machine. It is believed that the Type 66 had the largest displacement engine ever to power a production automobile. It had 44 more cubic-inches than the Bugatti Type 41 Royale. With an engine of this magnitude, it consumed lots of fuel. The miles-per-gallon was around 8.5, meaning the 36-gallon fuel tank was good for nearly 300 miles. This often posed problems for the drivers, as gas stations were not always readily available.

Pierce-Arrow placed this mammoth engine in a chassis that measured 147.5-inches. It was a suitable platform for many coachbuilders to work their trade. Pierce-Arrow was among the first to use cast aluminum panels in their bodywork, reducing the overall weight of the vehicle while maintaining a high degree of structural rigidity and strength.

In 1914 an electric starter was added. A pressurized fuel delivery system using an engine-operated air pump to pressurize the tank appeared in 1915.

In 1916 Pierce-Arrow introduced their final iteration of the Model 66, the Series 4. This would remain in production until 1918.

From 1910 through 1918, there were 1250 examples of the Model 66 produced. It is believed that around fourteen have survived in modern times and only seven are the Model 66 A-4 series.


By Daniel Vaughan | Oct 2007

1916 Vehicle Profiles

1916 Pierce-Arrow Model 66 vehicle information

The 825 cubic inch six cylinder in the Pierce-Arrow '66' is the largest stock engine ever designed for a passenger car. It could surpass 80 miles-per-hour and still get 9.20 miles-per-gallon. The body is constructed of 1/8 inch cast aluminum. The ....[continue reading]

1916 Pierce-Arrow Model 66 vehicle information

7-Passenger Tourer

This 1916 Pierce-Arrow Model 66 was built on a 145-inch chassis and is believed to be the only existing Model 66 with a three-seat race-about body. This was a very sporty configuration for this era of car. Its straight six-cylinder engine is a mamm....[continue reading]

1916 Pierce-Arrow Model 66 vehicle information

7-Passenger Tourer

Chassis Num: 67219
Engine Num: A4 269

The Pierce-Arrow Company was founded in 1865 in Buffalo, New York. They began manufacturing a variety of items from ice boxes and birdcages to bathtubs and bicycles. The first car was built in 1901 and in 1903 Pierce introduced the Arrow, a bigger ca....[continue reading]

 
7-Passenger Tourer
 
7-Passenger Tourer
Chassis #: 67219 

Recent Vehicle Additions

Performance and Specification Comparison

Price Comparison

$365-$7,213
1916 Model 66
1916 Pierce-Arrow Model 66 Price Range: $5,903 - $7,213

Model Year Production

#1#2#3Pierce-Arrow
1921Ford (1,275,618)Chevrolet (130,855)Buick (82,930)2,239
1920Ford (806,040)Chevrolet (146,243)Dodge (141,000)3,135
1919Ford (820,445)Chevrolet (129,118)Buick (119,310)2,136
1918Ford (435,898)Buick (126,222)Willys Knight (88,753)2,014
1917Ford (622,351)Willys Knight (130,988)Buick (115,267)1,891
1916Ford (734,811)Willys Knight (140,111)Buick (124,834)1,647
1915Ford (501,492)Willys Knight (91,904)Dodge (45,000)1,563
1914Ford (308,162)Overland (48,461)Studebaker (35,374)1,118
1913Ford (168,220)Overland (37,422)Studebaker (31,994)1,218
1912Ford (78,440)Overland (28,572)Buick (19,812)1,453
1911Ford (69,762)Overland (18,745)Maxwell (16,000)2,131

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