The perfect blend of engineering prowess and sophisticated styling has made DeVille the best-selling luxury car in America for 15 straight years. Completely redesigned for 2000, the all-new, redefined DeVille has met and exceeded expectations since its debut. The 2001 DeVille offers two new technological innovations wîth real customer benefits by offering two new options, Infotainment wîth Bose audio system and new services from OnStar. The Infotainment wîth Bose audio system, the first Web-based infotainment system, will be offered as an option mid-year on the DHS and DTS models. The infotainment system offers myriad on- and off-line capabilities through the integration of a computer, navigation system, CD-ROM and radio functions. OnStar, the revolutionary information and communications service that debuted on Cadillac models, expands its services to include Personal Calling and Virtual Advisor technology. Blending engineering achievement and sophisticated styling, DeVille maintains its status as the best-selling luxury car in America.
Strong Buyer Demand for Úp-Level DHS and DTS 'The reception to the new DeVille has been extra ordinary,' said DeVille Brand Manager Patrick Kemp. 'Demand has been especially strong for our two up-level models, DTS and DHS, which offer a host of intuitive technologies including the Cadillac-exclusive Night Vision, ultrasonic rear parking assist, LED taillights, and standard OnStar. '
DeVille's overall trim, sleek and cosmopolitan appearance remains unchanged for 2001, however Cadillac offers customers an additional choice for exterior and interior color. At the beginning of the '01 model year, customers will have the choice of Graphite as an exterior color and Dark Gray for interior leather.
DeVille is renowned for unsurpassed levels of comfort and convenience, offering features such as standard tri-zone climate control, adaptive seating, massaging lumbar seats and a flexible center seat and storage system. In addition, when redesigning the DeVille, particular effort was focused on developing what may be the world's most luxurious and comfortable rear-seat environment on the road, incorporating features such as theater seating layout for optimum forward visibility, heated seats and power lumbar adjustments.
The '01 DeVille also offers a new tire pressure monitoring system, which utilizes sensors in the wheels to read air pressure levels. The vehicle's central computer feeds the data to an information center located on the instrument panel. The information is displayed according to tire location allowing the driver to determine the exact location of the problem.
These options enhance DeVille's package of world-class active safety and security features. Add to these proven safety-cage construction, leading-edge passive restraints and a CD-based navigation system and the 2001 DeVille could arguably be the safest car on the road. AÚDIENCE
The DeVille has been the best-selling luxury car in America for the past 15 years. The redesigned DeVille will continue to lead the full-size luxury car §egmènt in the future by attracting two groups of customers: pre-boomers and boomers. Pre-boomers represent DeVille's traditional customer base, while boomers are gradually becoming a dominant force in the luxury market.
And according to dealer feedback, the all-new DeVille is now reaching the boomer audience.
'We have the best DeVille we have ever had, and as a result, younger, more sophisticated buyers are coming to Cadillac,' said Carl Sewell, owner of Sewell Village Cadillac Co. Inc., in Dallas.
By 2005, almost 40 percent of the buyers in DeVille's §egmènt will be boomers, most of whom have driven imports at some time. These customers are accustomed to commuting and working long hours, and they often struggle to find a balance in their lifestyles. They appreciate understated style and technology — especially technology designed to make their busy lives easier.
Although DeVille is primarily intended for the North American market, it will also satisfy niche-market demand for chauffeur-driven sedans in the Middle East, Japan and other markets.
The DeVille is available in three models — DeVille, DeVille High Luxury Sedan (DHS) and DeVille Touring Sedan (DTS).
INFOTAINMENT WITH BOSE AÚDIO SYSTEM
In 2001, Cadillac becomes the first to offer Web-enabled infotainment technology. The system, called the Infotainment wîth Bose audio system, offers myriad on- and off-line capabilities through the integration of a computer, navigation system, CD-ROM and radio functions.
The infotainment system integrates complete full-function color map-based navigation wîth radio, CD-ROM, compact flash memory and audio playback.
The system is voice-controlled, which again supports the Cadillac philosophy of 'eyes on the road, hands on the wheel.' Drivers can interface wîth the system's many features, including:
• E-mail capability – Have your e-mail downloaded and read to you. The system provides a link to the Internet, allowing downloading of text files. This particular feature will be test-marketed in several areas of the country to gauge customer interest.
• Cell phone integration unit – Docks a portable cell phone and allows cell phone control via voice recognition or front panel keypad.
• Infrared port – This function allows handheld devices such as personal data assistants to exchange information wîth the system.
• CD/CD-ROM drive – Plays music CDs, reads CD-ROM databases such as maps and allows software upgrades.
• Voice memo recorder – Voice messages may be recorded, stored and played back at a later time.
• Voice recognition – Occupants can activate and control the system through voice command.
• Navigation – Drivers can select a destination and have turn-by-turn directions read to them, as well as see a color map of the display.
Importantly, except for displaying station information in radio mode or navigation turn-by-turn information, the screen menus for e-mail and browser capability are disabled unless the vehicle is stopped – a built-in safety feature to help minimize the time drivers' eyes are off the road and hands off the wheel.
ACTIVE SAFETY & SECÚRITY
In addition to the myriad powertrain and integrated chassis systems that provide excellent active safety benefits to the driver, there are additional safety features in the '01 DeVille.
New on the DTS and DHS is an interior manual trunk release mechanism. This factory-installed device provides for emergency exit in the event a child is trapped inside the trunk. A T-shaped lever attached to a six-inch cable is located on the underside of the decklid, connected to the trunk latch, allowing for easy escape wîth a simple tug and pull motion. The release mechanism will debut mid-year and will be standard on both models.
In addition, a tire pressure monitor debuts as an option on the DeVille. Similar to the system used on the Chevrolet Corvette, it consists of a sensor integrated into the valve stem of each tire. The sensors are battery-powered and communicate tire pressure information to the vehicle's radio frequency module. Once this module receives transmissions from the sensors, it sends tire pressure information to the driver information center for display. The driver information center responds by showing the actual tire pressure and rating it 'low' 'high' or 'OK.' If the pressure is too low, or too high, the driver information center will also display the words 'check tire pressure.'
The DHS and DTS also feature the next generation Rainsense wiper system. Rainsense automatically activates the wipers in wet weather when the system is placed in the auto delay mode. The new system is smaller, more efficient and more sensitive for improved performance.
DeVille's clean, flowing exterior form strikes a balance between formal and sporty. The chiseled shear lines of the 2001 DeVille are a design feature that will be even more evident in Cadillacs of the immediate future.
The recognizable Cadillac character begins wîth a shield-shaped grille at the front, which has been sculpted for a more aerodynamic look. A strong emphasis on the chrome horizontal header molding is another design characteristic that will continue into future Cadillacs. Cadillac's wreath and crest insignia has an aerodynamic contour while maintaining center stage prominently in the grille, or atop the hood in models equipped wîth Night Vision.
The hood is a power-dome design wîth sweeps that flow back to the front roof pillars.
Attention is drawn to the grille and headlights by minimizing the amount of offset between the front bumper and the body surfaces. The DTS's lower grille opening has three horizontal body-color blades wîth fog lights on either side. Fog lights are omitted on the DeVille and DHS. The trimmer front overhang adds to a more international look.
A special Cadillac accent is the spline running the full length of the car from the headlights to taillights.
Body-side moldings are integrated wîth sheet metal, providing protection while keeping the DeVille as clean-lòòking as possible. Except for side window openings, t h e re is no chrome on the side of the 2001 DeVille. The B-pillar's matte black finish emphasizes the length of the side surfaces. Foldaway mirrors and door handles lend an international flavor. DeVille's low-level side-surface sculpting between the wheels helps emphasize length, leanness, and ride and handling.
LED Taillights - an Industry First
At the rear, DeVille features both an LED center high mounted stoplamp and LED taillights — an industry first. The center high mounted stoplamp (CHMSL) is less than full width, so it doesn't draw attention from the unique light-emitting diode (LED) taillights. When lit, the taillights define a thin vertical line that provides a distinctive Cadillac look at night.
DeVille's designers used an inside-out design philosophy to balance final appearance and functionality goals. The starting point for sketching the interior was an overall aesthetic that emphasized rich textures over large areas wîth intense detail concentrated in fine areas. Another overriding desire was to achieve a more angular, edgier execution to give the brand its own distinct look and achieve harmony wîth the exterior design.
Rear-Seat Environment May Be World's Most Luxurious
Extra effort went into developing what may well be the world's most luxurious and comfortable rear-seat environment on the road. The DeVille's 115.3-inch wheelbase creates the feeling of spaciousness and makes the back seat every bit as comfortable as the front seat.
In response to customer feedback, Dark Gray will be offered as an interior color in 2001, in addition to Neutral Shale, Oatmeal, Black and Tuxedo Blue.
Distinctive Body Configurations, DeVille, DHS, DTS
Two very distinctive body configurations are offered, in recognition that DeVille is aimed at two distinct groups of customers — those who want six-passenger capability and those who prefer a sportier look wîth a center console and floor shift.
The console in the DTS is replaced by a center fixed flex seat in the DeVille and DHS editions.
DTS leather upholstery is perforated and drawn tight to emphasize the sportiness of the bucket seat shapes, while DeVille and DHS use a softer appearing leather wîth a looser, gathered look. All DeVilles feature Nuance leather, which has a supple feel, subtle grain, low-gloss finish and a pleasing natural aroma.
Storage volume in the DeVille is world-class. Twenty-one or more distinct storage areas are located throughout the interior and provide 42 liters of useful storage volume. Slightly more than half of that volume is accessible from the front seat.
Ease Of Operation / Intuitive Technologies
A guiding principle begun wîth Seville and continued in DeVille is 'eyes on the road, hands on the wheel.' To achieve that goal, DeVille's designers stressed simplicity and ease of control operation. Switches and knobs are within easy reach, and are positioned logically adjacent to what they manage, whenever possible. For example, the driver information display switches are right next to the instrument cluster.
Driver Information Center
Detailed information about the operation of the car is displayed as needed or desired on a 22-character alphanumeric driver information center located at the bottom of the instrument panel cluster.
A two-person memory and personalization package is standard on DHS and optional on DeVille and DTS. The system permits personal pro g ramming of various s y s t e m s, including driver's seat, exterior mirro rs, §teering wheel, exit positions, radio, HVAC and functions pro g rammed by the driver information center.
A digital instrument cluster is standard in the DeVille model, while the DHS and DTS are equipped wîth analog displays. The DeVille display provides a speedometer and bar graphs reporting coolant temperature and fuel level plus PRNDL information. The DHS and DTS instrument panel contains speedometer, tachometer, coolant temperature and fuel gauges.
Instruments are backlit by a 10-inch long fluorescent tube, which transmits light through light pipes. To eliminate any illumination delay in cold climates, a bulb heater automatically begins warming the fluorescent tube the instant a door is unlocked. Needles are illuminated by light-emitting diodes behind diffusers, creating bright, even light.
An advanced navigation system is also an option on DHS and DTS. The system is similar to the one introduced for Japanese-market editions of the 1998 Seville. The 5-inch color display screen is centrally located in the instrument panel. For bright, clear gra p h i c s, the touch- sensitive screen uses the active-matrix thin-film-transistor technology common in laptop computers. A light-gray daytime background automatically switches to a black background at night for optimum legibility. Posted on conceptcarz.com
A Delco-Bose audio system wîth radio data system features and a glove box-mounted six-disc CD changer are packaged wîth the navigation system.
Various navigation features can be personalized to suit individual tastes. Vehicles sold for the domestic market offer a choice of five languages — English, French, German, Spanish and Italian. Models exported to Japan offer a choice between English and Japanese.
Navigation system maps are stored in a CD-ROM unit in the trunk. A set of nine CDs covering the 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia is included along wîth a storage case.
As wîth other in-vehicle navigation systems, detailed street color mapping is available in select cities in the Ú.S. For areas not covered by detailed mapping, there is intra-city coverage that provides major road information.
An active GPS (global positioning system) antenna helps pinpoint the car's location. When no GPS signal is available, the car's course is tracked by the dead-reckoning method using its road-speed sensor and an onboard gyroscope. Various display screens can be selected to obtain either turn-by-turn guidance to a destination or map assistance. In the turn-by-turn mode, voice prompts and a preview of the intersection are provided to assist the driver.
DHS models intended for export to Japan will offer television reception as an added feature wîth the navigation system. Additional equipment is involved, including an integrated TV tuner, a diversity TV antenna integrated wîth the backlight, an amplifier and selector for the TV antenna and an auxiliary stereo audio and video adapter.
In addition to the optional Infotainment wîth Bose audio system, Cadillac offers two different state-of-the-art sound systems on 2001 DeVille models. The standard system in DeVille is a Delco AM/FM system wîth a cassette and single-slot CD player. The premium Bose® sound system is standard on DHS and DTS. Added features on the Bose system include digital signal processing, full radio data system (RDS) functions and volume noise compensation. A glove box-mounted six-disc CD changer is optional on all models.
Choice Of Five- Or Six-Passenger Seating
The DeVille is one of the few models still available wîth room and comfort for six passengers. A 40/20/40 split front seat arrangement is standard in both DeVille and DHS wîth a column-mounted shifter and a center fold-down storage armrest.
This front-seat configuration emphasizes comfort for the driver and one front passenger while also providing a 'flex' center position that can be used for storage, a third passenger or merely a convenient means of sliding across.
Outboard occupants enjoy seats that are both long and wide to provide excellent thigh support. The seats come wîth four-way adjustable headrests and 10-way power adjustment controls conveniently located on the outboard side. The center position is fixed in place and is a double-hinged design to serve a multitude of functions. The rear portion folds to provide a comfortable armrest for outboard passengers. Inside is a storage compartment. The bottom portion of the seat also can be hinged forward to provide a dual cupholder and a flat surface for loose items. A lap belt is provided for those occasions when the flex seat is used to carry a passenger. When not in use, these belts can be tucked away in small storage pockets.
Five-passenger seating wîth a 40/40 front arrangement, center console and console-mounted shift lever is standard on the DTS. The rear portion of the console is a double-hinged lid that serves as a comfortable armrest. A double cupholder pivots outward from the forward end of the storage armrest.
Heated front seats are optional on the DeVille and standard on DHS and DTS models, wîth dual-zone controls providing heat either in the backrest only or heat in both the backrest and the cushion area.
Massaging Lumbar System Gently Stimulates Back Muscles
A four-way power lumbar adjustment is offered as optional DeVille equipment. DHS and DTS are equipped wîth a massaging lumbar support system for both f ront occupants. The system gently stimulates back muscles to improve circulation and nutrient flow through the spinal column. A single tap of the power lumbar switch activates a massage action that moves 20 rollers up, then down, for 10 minutes unless interrupted by a brief tap of the control switch.
In place of the massaging lumbar seats, DHS and DTS customers may choose adaptive seating. Based on a technology originally used in hospital burn units, adaptive seating results in less fatigue and more comfort, even after many hours of driving.
Adaptive seating uses a network of 10 air cells located between the leather upholstery and foam in the seat cushion and seatback. Sensors attached to these air cells measure internal pressure and supply that information to a control module, which compares the measurements to an optimal pressure pattern stored in its memory. If a discrepancy exists, pressure inside the air cells is adjusted.
Rear-seat comfort and convenience are emphasized in the DeVille. Outboard positions have the legroom, knee room and head room necessary to accommodate 95th percentile male occupants. A theater-seating layout, wîth the rear hip point elevated from the corresponding front position by 20mm to 25mm, provides enhanced visibility of the road ahead.
Combination lap and shoulder belts are provided for all three rear-seating positions. A four-way power lumbar adjustment is standard on DHS, which also has four-way adjustable headrests, a power-operated rear sunshade and manually operated shades for each door window. Integrated rear-seat headrests are on DeVille and DTS editions. In addition, dual zone rear heated seats are offered on the DTS and DHS.
Automatic climate control wîth three distinct zones — for the left-front, right-front and rear-seat occupants — is standard on DeVille. A separate HVAC control panel is provided for rear passenger use. A larger AC condenser helps increase system capacity, and a new scroll-type air conditioning compressor works more quietly than the previous piston-type compressor.
A 100-square-inch micro-fiber filter element built into the cowl plenum removes pollen, mold spores, road dust, bacteria and disagreeable odors from incoming air, providing a cleaner interior, sharply reduced odor levels and an environment less susceptible to respiratory problems or allergic attacks.
A sunroof is offered as optional equipment on all DeVilles. A manual §teering wheel tilt adjustment is standard on DeVille. A power tilt and telescope adjustment is standard on DHS and offered as an option wîth the memory setting system on the DTS. A leather-wrapped §teering wheel wîth redundant HVAC and radio controls is standard on the DeVilles, wîth a wood trim package standard on the DHS and optional on the DTS.
Changes made to the DeVille's renowned Northstar V8 in 2000 enable it to operate cleaner, quieter and more efficiently wîth a 2-mpg increase in highway EPA mileage estimates from 1999.
One result of these improvements is that the 2001 DeVille is certified for sale nationwide as a low emissions vehicle (LEV). This was achieved by means of a reaction-heated catalyst, pistons wîth reduced crevice volume and a new combustion chamber design.
While the basic engine architecture remains a predominantly aluminum 4.6-liter DOHC 32-valve V8, major design improvements have been incorporated to deliver lower emissions, excellent mileage wîth regular fuel, and smoother, quieter operation.
The DeVille's fuel recommendation changed in 2000 from premium (93 octane, lead-free) to regular (87 octane, lead-free), resulting in a major reduction in operating expense. To facilitate this gain, the Northstar's compression ratio was lowered from 10.3:1 to 10.0:1.
Power And Torque
The 4.6-liter dual-overhead-camshaft Northstar V8 in the DeVille and DHS generates 275 horsepower (205 kW) at 5600 rpm and 300 lb.-ft. (407 Nm) of torque at 4000 rpm. The sportier DTS is equipped wîth a retuned version of the Northstar V8 producing 300 horsepower (224 kW) at 6000 rpm and 295 lb.-ft. (400 Nm) of torque at 4400 rpm.
The Northstar engines offer 100,000-mile (160,000 km) durability and limp-home mode in case of total coolant loss. The Northstar's maintenance-free design requires no tune-ups — only changing the oil, oil filter and air filter — until the DeVille logs 100,000 miles (160,000 km). In limp-home mode, the engine can operate on four cylinders at speeds of 50 mph (80 km/h) for about 50 miles (80 kilometers), giving the driver an opportunity to reach a safe location. The engine accomplishes this by alternately delivering fuel to four of the eight cylinders. The remaining four cylinders do not fire, but continue to pump air, which cools the engine.
On all DeVille models, the 4T80-E transaxle is linked to the engine via a viscous converter clutch, which ensures smooth operation by reducing torque variation when the torque converter clutch is applied. The 4T80-E also features equal-length drive axles, which limit torque steer by minimizing angle differences from side to side as the car accelerates.
Ride And Handling/ Continuously Variable Road-Sensing Suspension 2.0
DeVille's new chassis architecture offers the flexibility to provide various suspension system variations to suit different customer tastes. DeVille and DHS editions are equipped wîth luxury suspension tuning that emphasizes ride quality while providing excellent handling characteristics.
DTS is equipped wîth a more active suspension tuned for sharper performance. The CVRSS 2.0 system comes wîth three significant enhancements — transient roll control, lateral support and stability control interaction.
CVRSS uses wheel-position sensors to read road conditions and fast-acting dampers at each corner of the car to continuously and instantly adjust ride and handling for any situation. At 65 mph, a damper can shift from full soft to full firm every 6 to 7 inches of road surface traveled. CVRSS manages both body and wheel motion. Damping is adjusted as necessary to control heave (up and down motion over road swells), pitch (front of car lifting while rear of car dives, or vice versa), roll in corners, and front-end lift during acceleration. On very smooth roads, damping forces are minimized to enhance isolation. To maintain ride comfort and stability at high speeds, damping forces are increased wîth vehicle speed.
The extensive use of electronic chassis controls to manage §teering, braking, suspension damping and traction functions interactively means that more ideal settings can be provided for every driving circumstance. It is not necessary to make tradeoffs, such as comfort versus performance or agility versus stability. While the car is quiet and smooth during cruising, the driver feels confidently in control during emergency or aggressive handling maneuvers.
DeVille, DHS and DTS all come equipped wîth four-stage, shock absorber valving for improved body motion control without sacrificing isolation. The new four-stage technology is used in all four DTS shock absorbers and in the front shock absorbers only in DeVille and DHS.
Squeeze-cast aluminum road wheels provide the most mass-effective wheels available wîth superior surface finish. DeVille and DHS are equipped wîth Michelin blackwall all-season radials — size P225/60SR-16 — which provide very low rolling resistance for excellent fuel economy. White sidewall radials are offered as an option. DTS is equipped wîth Goodyear Eagle LS P235/55HR-17 blackwall all-season performance radials.
DeVille's anti-lock brake system, traction control and StabiliTrak systems are combined in a new Delco Electronics-Bosch 5.3 design that is smaller and lighter than the 5.0 design it replaces. A significant feature wîth this system is electronic brake distribution. In place of a fixed front-to-rear distribution of braking effort for all vehicle loading and operating conditions, the electronic approach uses wheel-speed sensors and hydraulic controls to adjust and optimize distribution dynamically. Stopping distances are shortened, especially in the heavily loaded condition, when more rear brake effort is desired. Electronic brake effort distribution also improves handling during braking-while-turning maneuvers.
StabiliTrak 2.0, an improved version of the most advanced integrated stability control system in the world, is standard in DTS and offered as an option on DeVille and DHS. The improvements on this enhanced version include side-slip rate control and active §teering effort compensation.
Introduced on three performance-oriented Cadillac models in the 1997 model year, StabiliTrak provides an important safety advance by helping the driver maintain control during emergency or evasive maneuvers. StabiliTrak works by comparing the driver's intentions (indicated by §teering wheel position) wîth how the vehicle is responding. Three key sensors keep the ABS and traction control computer informed: one reads §teering wheel angle, another reports the vehicle's lateral acceleration and the third measures yaw rate (rotational velocity about a vertical axis through the car's center of gravity). Information is also gathered from vehicle speed.
If the vehicle's dynamic response does not agree wîth the direction the driver is §teering, StabiliTrak goes to work by selectively applying the individual front brakes to help keep the car on the intended course. If the car is slipping wide of the desired path in a turn, applying the inside brake helps the DeVille turn tighter. In case of diminished traction at the rear causing the tail of the car to drift wide, activating the outside-front brake gently nudges the car back in line. StabiliTrak is automatic and requires no additional driver action. In most cases, the driver probably won't even notice the helping hand from this technically sophisticated system.
Respected car critics have called StabiliTrak one of the greatest active safety advancements since four-wheel anti-lock brakes. Únlike stability control systems from other manufacturers, Cadillac's system maintains the driver's ability to apply throttle in StabiliTrak maneuvers.
BODY STRÚCTÚRE AND ACOÚSTICS
A vastly improved body structure is a major benefit of the DeVille's move to new vehicle architecture in 2000. The G platform is significantly stiffer in torsion and bending, contributing to superb ride and handling performance, and improved crashworthiness.
The bending stiffness natural frequency has been increased 21 percent in the DeVille. By making the body structure as stiff as feasible, the suspension does a superior job of isolating noise and road harshness from the passenger compartment. Curb weight has been slightly reduced in all three models, which allows added feature content without an associated reduction in fuel economy. A number of features have been incorporated to maximize stiffness without adding weight in the DeVille.
New analytical tools were used to identify areas of the body structure where metal thickness could be reduced wîth little or no loss of performance. In addition, engineers studied the interaction of major masses within the car. As a result, some components were relocated to optimize the design not only for weight, but also to meet ride, handling and safety goals.
DeVille's aluminum hood is about 20 pounds lighter than a steel hood, and it contributes to reduced component vibration, improved vehicle mass distribution and lower hinge loads during impact. Light, stiff, two cell extruded aluminum bumper beams are rigidly mounted to reduce component vibration and improve overall vehicle feel.
Lateral tie bars that connect the front longitudinal rails are closed section to stiffen and strengthen the front structure and to improve crashworthiness in a forward collision. Shock towers connect solidly to the dash panel to integrate DeVille's front end to the main cabin structure, improving load flow into the body structure from suspension struts.
Noise, Vibration Reduced
To minimize shake and noise, the instrument panel and §teering column are supported by a cast magnesium cross-car beam. The §teering column also is a magnesium casting, eliminating idle shake at the §teering wheel. Major body cavities are filled wîth urethane-foam baffles that expand to provide a seal that thoroughly blocks noise transmission and reverberation. The addition of a second level of isolation between the rear wheels and the passenger compartment has resulted in major reductions in rear-seat noise.
The use of single-sided spot-welding eliminates the need for large access holes in the body structure that reduce stiffness and admit road noise. Where spot welding is difficult or impractical, structural adhesives help stabilize panels. For example, the roof panel is totally restrained by structural adhesives except for one spot weld at each corner.
SAFETY & SECÚRITY
Outstanding safety and security are primary requirements for DeVille customers. The DeVille meets these requirements wîth an unsurpassed combination of accident avoidance and crash protection advancements, along wîth a long list of features that help provide peace of mind.
OnStar is again a standard feature on the DeVille, along wîth one year of free premium service. In 2001, OnStar will offer two additional services: Personal Calling, which allows drivers to make and receive hands-free, voice-activated personal calls from their vehicles without an additional cellular contract; and OnStar Virtual Advisor, which will deliver to the vehicle personalized Internet-based information such as news headlines, sports scores, stock quote, weather conditions. Both services will be available through OnStar's unique three-button system, offering completely hands-free operation.
'This is yet another example of Cadillac's and General Motors' commitment to giving customers first-in-the-world advanced technology,' said Michael J. O ' Malley, Cadillac general manager. 'GM is building a broad portfolio of in-vehicle communication and information products for its customers. These products are being developed wîth an e-vehicle team within e-GM. They address the growing customer need to stay connected to the office, home and the world while on the road.'
During the Persian Gulf War, infrared technology enabled coalition military forces to own the night battlefield. With the introduction of Night Vision on the DeVille in 2000, Cadillac became the first automaker to bring the safety benefit of this technology to drivers.
Improving vision at night is an important safety advancement. While nighttime driving represents only 28 percent of total driving, it accounts for 55 percent of all traffic fatalities, according to data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Of all pedestrian fatalities, 62 percent occur at night. In addition, highway safety authorities recorded more than 300,000 vehicle-deer collisions in 1997, many of which could have been avoided wîth more time to react to the hazard.
While Night Vision is not meant to replace a driver's view out of the windshield, it gives drivers additional visual information beyond what their eyes are capable of seeing. Night Vision helps the driver detect potentially dangerous situations well beyond the normal headlight range.
Night Vision Allows Driver to See Three-to-Five Times Further than Low-Beam, Headlights
The extra vision extends three-to-five times the range of low-beam headlights and double the range of high-beam headlights. At 60 miles per hour, normal headlights provide a driver about 3.5 seconds to react to an object ahead. With Night Vision, the driver will have up to 15 seconds to react. The system also can help drivers see beyond the headlight glare from oncoming vehicles.
In addition, Night Vision can help enhance personal security. For example, as a DeVille driver pulls into a driveway, the system can help detect a person hiding in the bushes or out of the range of the headlights.
Because the virtual image is projected by a head-up display (HÚD) rather than on a flat screen mounted in the car, Cadillac's Night Vision helps drivers keep their eyes on the road and hands on the wheel. The image is projected near the front edge of the hood — in the driver's peripheral vision — and was designed not to obstruct the view of the road.
Night Vision is offered on the DHS and DTS models.
LED Taillight & CHMSL
The auto industry's first combination light emitting diode (LED) taillight and center high-mounted stoplamp (CHMSL) debuted on the 2000 DeVille, bringing safety and security advantages, as well as allowing more design flexibility. The 1992 Seville pioneered LEDs in the CHMSL, and LEDs are used on large truck trailers, but this is the first taillight application in a vehicle intended for ordinary consumer use.
Reliability is one notable advantage of the LED taillights. Because LEDs last for thousands of hours, most customers will probably never have to service this part of the car throughout its entire life.
A second advantage of LEDs is a quicker 'on' time than possible wîth an incandescent bulb. LEDs illuminate in 100 nanoseconds (a nanosecond is one-billionth of a second) versus the 200 milliseconds required for an incandescent bulb to light. At 60 mph, that translates into an extra 17.6 feet of warning to the driver behind, enough to possibly prevent a collision when a panic stop is necessary.
Últrasonic Rear Parking Assist
While Night Vision can help DeVille drivers to see objects ahead, Últrasonic Rear Parking Assist is designed to help them park their vehicles while in reverse. This optional system uses both audio and visual cues to convey information on the closeness of objects behind the vehicle, assisting the driver in rear parking maneuvers. The system can help prevent low-speed contact wîth objects such as bicycles, sign posts or other vehicles.
Developed by Bosch, the system uses an array of four ultrasonic sensors located on the bumper fascia. Spaced approximately 18 inches apart and located 24 inches off the road surface, the sensors are active any time the vehicle's speed is below 3 miles per hour in reverse gear. The effective field of view is from about 10 inches off the pavement up to about the top of the trunk.
G-Based Architecture DeVille's G-based architecture is a front-wheel-drive design, a configuration that has proven to be highly predictable in the hands of typical drivers. To achieve the overall balance necessary for outstanding maneuverability at the limit of adhesion, weight has been shifted rearward where possible. For example, the DeVille's hood is aluminum and its battery is located beneath the rear seat.
The DeVille body structure forms a safety cage around the passenger compartment, providing protection in a range of front, side and rear collisions. At the same time, structural members at the front and the rear are engineered to collapse in a controlled manner, reducing the forces transmitted to the interior. In a severe frontal collision, DeVille's powertrain is engineered to move downward and under the car's floor, minimizing its intrusion into the passenger space. A key element of the safety cage is a single hydroformed tube that sweeps from the base of the windshield over the front door to the B-pillar. This stiffens the structure and is particularly effective in resisting roof crush.
A single-piece door aperture design is resistant to side-impact intrusion. Door hems are offset to prevent overlap, helping ensure that doors can be opened after an accident.
Windshield and back-window headers are closed-section roll-formed members to securely tie side members of the car together and resist deformation during a collision. Other lateral reinforcements are positioned behind and beneath the rear seat.
Reinforcements also have been added in the longitudinal rail area to enhance offset collision performance. Metal gauges in the rocker area and up the A-pillar are optimized to resist collapse when crash-impact loads are concentrated on the driver's side of the car.
While the federal government mandates five barrier tests at 30 mph, GM conducted 25 different tests at speeds up to 50 mph to ensure that the DeVille's body structure surpasses both government safety standards and more rigorous internal targets. Tests used a wide range of occupant sizes, from three-year-old child dummies to 95th percentile male crash dummies.
DeVille is equipped wîth four air bags — front and side-impact air bags for front-seat occupants — as standard equipment. Front air bags are mounted in the §teering wheel for the driver, and in the top of the instrument panel for the front passenger. These front driver and passenger air bags are a second-generation design wîth reduced force inflation.
Built into the outboard surface of each front seat's backrest bolster, side-impact air bags enhance upper-torso protection in the event of a severe lateral impact. Because the driver's side is always occupied by an adult (while a small child may be seated in the front passenger seat), the driver's side side-impact air bag is a larger second-generation design that helps protect the torso.
Rear-seat air bags, unique to DeVille, are offered as optional equipment. Modules containing the folded air bags are mounted behind the outboard edge of the rear seat cushion. When triggered by collision sensor mounted in the B-pillar, an inflating restraint helps guard against torso-related injuries during a high-speed lateral collision. Testing wîth small-stature instrumented dummies verified that there is no hazard to a child resting wîth his or her head in the vicinity of the side-impact air bag.
Backup power to air bags is provided if electrical power is interrupted during a collision.
After an air bag deployment, interior lights are automatically lit for up to 25 minutes to assist post-collision exit. Automatic door locks unlock the vehicle after a 15-second delay.
Even wîth air bags, safety belts remain the primary restraint. Front belts are mounted directly to the seat structure and move wîth any seat adjustment, providing optimum comfort and protection. A structural beam is provided behind the rear seatback to provide a secure anchor point for the middle passenger's upper torso restraint. Úniform child restraint anchors are provided at three locations in the back seat.
OWNERSHIP AND WARRANTY
All 2001 Cadillacs are backed by a four-year/50,000-mile (whichever comes first) bumper-to-bumper limited warranty wîth courtesy transportation for all warranty repairs and no deductible. The warranty also includes defects in the material and workmanship of tire s. Additional coverage includes a six-year/ 100,000-mile (whichever comes first) rust-through protection.
Cadillac 24-hour roadside assistance is available to owners toll-free by dialing 1-800-882-1112. Cadillac-trained service technicians are dispatched to handle minor repairs and assist wîth flat tires, lockouts, jump starts, fuel deliveries and other roadside emergencies. If the repair cannot be completed on the spot, the technician can arrange to have the vehicle transported to a dealership and customers driven to their home or other local destination. Roadside assistance is provided at no charge for any warranty repair and at a nominal charge if the vehicle is not under warranty.
Source - Cadillac
New For 2001
• Infotainment wîth Bose audio system (option on DHS and DTS)
• Tire Pressure monitor
• New services from OnStar*
• Next generation rainsense wiper system
• Manual trunk release mechanism*
• New exterior color: Graphite
• New interior color: Dark Gray
• * Will not be available at start of '01 production Source - Cadillac
The 2001 DeVille continues a proud heritage that began in the 1949 model year, when the first Coupe de Ville debuted wîth landmark body styling and a revolutionary engine. Since then, DeVille has continued to establish technological and styling milestones that have helped distinguish Cadillac from other luxury automakers.
The line's history begins wîth the 1949 Coupe de Ville, a breakthrough in body design offering the first pillarless two-door hardtop, a style also referred to as a 'hardtop convertible.' The 1949 Coupe de Ville earned Motor Trend's first-ever 'Car of the Year' award.
Cadillac made major strides in luxury and safety. Air conditioning became an official factory option in 1953, the same year Cadillac introduced an 'autronic eye' that automatically dimmed high-beam headlights wîth oncoming traffic.
Harley Earl, General Motors' chief designer, came up wîth the idea of a four-door hardtop, called the Cadillac Orleans, for the 1953 GM Motorama tour.
This set the stage for the next use of the de Ville name wîth the introduction of the four-door hardtop Sedan de Ville in the 1956 model year. It was an immediate hit wîth customers, outselling every other Cadillac in its introductory year, and helping drive Cadillac sales past 150,000 units for the first time.
Convertible Joins Lineup
A convertible de Ville joined the lineup from 1964 through 1970. A variation in the roofline theme introduced for the 1965 Sedan de Ville (lasting through 1970) was a frameless door glass wîth a fixed central roof pillar.
The de Ville family was narrowed to two models starting in 1971 — pillarless two- and four-door body styles — as part of a sweeping redesign of all Cadillacs. The new models sported a trimmer, more youthful appearance based on the 'fuselage' design concept.
During the early 1970s, de Villes accounted for more than two-thirds of the division's sales volume. Almost 100,000 Sedan de Villes were sold in 1972, making it far and away the world's most popular luxury car. The following year, the Coupe de Ville shattered that record wîth nearly 113,000 sales. The five-millionth Cadillac manufactured was a 1973 Sedan de Ville.
In 1994, Cadillac focused on a single DeVille body style, the four-door sedan, in response to customer tastes. Interior and exterior dimensions both were stretched to emphasize comfort, elegance and classic Cadillac road presence. StabiliTrak, Cadillac's innovative stability-enhancement system, was offered on the DeVille Concours in 1997 and extended to DeVille and DeVille d'Elegance the following year.Source - Cadillac
The Cadillac DeVille was a luxury car produced by Cadillac after the Fleetwood name was dropped by Cadillac. Production began in the post-war era, in 1949. It was produced for many years, ending in 2005 when it was replaced by the DTS. The acronym DTS represented DeVille Touring Sedan.
The name for the DeVille was derived from its body styling, with 'DeVille' meaning 'town' in French. The DeVille had an open chauffer's compartment and an enclosed passenger area. The design and changes would change throughout the years and served the company well as an ultra-luxury and elegant automobile. By Daniel Vaughan | Nov 2007
A name used on a variety of Cadillac's luxury car models the DeVille became the largest Cadillac sedan and was eventually replaced by DTS for the 06 model year. The nomenclature 'DeVille stands for 'of the city' or 'town' in the French language and comes from its town body which showcased an enclosed passenger compartment and an open chauffeur's compartment. Lincoln used the term 'Town Car' in 1922 to describe a one-off vehicle produced for Henry Ford.
In 1949, the original Cadillac to carry the name De Ville was introduced, and in 1956 a 4-door hardtop was introduced with the name Sedan de Ville. DeVille was dubbed as Cadillac's mainstream model, and nestled in between the Fleetwood and the Calais at the beginning of 1965. Three years later the DeVille received minor exterior changes to keep up with new federal safety and emissions legislations along with the rest of the Cadillac lineup. In 1968 the DeVille received a new 472 in³ (7.7 L) V8 engine that was rated at 375 hp. ).
The fourth generation of the Cadillac DeVille was completely revamped for 1965 though the wheelbase (of 129.5-inch) remained the same. The DeVille had originally been based on the Series 62, but was now called Calais. Newly sharp, angled lines replaced the original rounded body styling, and the tailfins were replaced with headlights now stacked vertically that allowed for a wider grille. The fourth generation DeVille brought back the pillared sedan variant, and power was still supplied by the 429 cu in V8 before being replaced by the 472 cu inch in 1968.
For 1971, the fifth generation of the DeVille was completely redesigned, as was the norm for all GM full-size lines. The fifth generation continued from 1971 through 1976 and the standard engine remained the 472, still rated at 375 SAE gross hp and 255 ft/lb of torque. The car continued to be basically a Calais, but with different exterior trim and more options.
The optional 'Air Cushion Restraint System', otherwise known today as airbags, were introduced in 1974 as an option that provided protection for front seat passengers in the event of a collision. One bag was located in the dashboard in front of the front passenger, and one in the steering wheel. A lockable storage compartment under the dashboard replaced the glove box, until 1976. An all-new De Ville 'd'Elegance' package was introduced in 1974 and was quite similar to the Fleetwood Brougham's package of the identical name. This package offered a velour seating fabric, exterior badging and upgraded carpeting and was available on both sedan and coupe models. This package remained until 1984 and in 1997 became a completely separate model designation for the sedan.
For 1975 the Cadillac DeVille received a newly redesigned front end with newly-approved quad rectangular headlamps and the 472 standard engine was replaced with the 210 hp 500 V8.
Cadillac celebrated its 75th anniversary in 1977 and the DeVille entered into its sixth generation. This was also the year that the downsized Deville copes and sedans were introduced. The vehicle was now nearly a foot shorter, and ½ ton lighter than the previous year, but it featured a better use of space and engineering and offered a larger trunk along with a roomier interior. This was also the first Deville models that were marketed without fender skirts over the rear wheels. In 1977 a 180 horsepower 425 in³ V8 variant of similar design replaced the 500 in³ V8 (which produced 190 horsepower).
The lineup in 1977 included the 2-door Coupe de Ville priced at $9,654 and the 4-door Sedan de Ville priced at $9,864. The d'Elegance package from the previous year continued on both models this year. For this year only the DeVille received 3-sided, and wrap-around tail lamps. Priced at $348, the Coupe de Ville featured a popular 'Cabriolet' option that included a rear-half padded vinyl roof covering and opera lamps. Consumers could opt for an electronic fuel-injected version of the standard 7.0 liter powerplant, and ad 15 hp for only $647. For 1977 Cadillac sales peaked at 138,750 Coupe de Villes sold and 95,421 Sedan de Villes.
In 1978 the DeVille received a newly redesigned grille and hood ornament, along with slim, vertical taillamps inset into chrome bumper end caps with built-in side market lamps. Also new this year was a 'Phaeton' package that could be purchased as an option for Deville on either coupe or sedan. This package cost $1,929 and featured a simulated convertible-top, wire wheel discs, special pin striping, and 'Phaeton' name plates instead of the usual 'Coupe de Ville' or 'Sedan de Ville' ornament on the rear fenders. The interior of the 'Phaeton' package included leather upholstered seats and a leather-trimmed steering wheel that matched the exterior color. For an additional $744, electronic fuel injected, which added 15 hp was available. Available for $140 was Electronic level control, which used suspension-mounted sensors and air filled rear shocks which kept the vehicles height level regardless of cargo weight or passengers. Sales drooped slightly for this year with Coupe De Ville selling 117,750 and 88,951 Sedan de Ville's.
Not many changes were made to the 1979 Deville as 1980 would be the big year for updates. The '79 model did receive a new grille design. The 'Phaeton' package received two new replacement colors in its list of options. Priced at $725, the d'Elegance package returned and now included Venetian velour upholstery in four colors, and a 50/50 split front seat, Tangier carpeting, overhead assist handles, door pull handles, and 'd'Elegance' emblems. The 'fuel-injection' option could be purchased for $783 and there was also the option of a 350 in³ LF9 diesel V8, Oldsmobile-built, for only $849. Available in a variety of 17 colors was the Coupe de Ville's cabriolet package, priced at $384. The Coupe de Ville production rose slightly this year to 121,890 and 93,211 for the Sedan de Ville.
For the 1980 model year, the DeVille received a much more aerodynamic nose, a heavier, more substantial appearance and a higher tail end. The Phaeton option was deleted, but the d'Elegance package was still available, priced at $1,005. For 1980 the Coupe de Ville featured full, bright side window surround moldings, while the sedan had a body-color door frames with a thin chrome bead around the window opening. This grille was chromed-plastic with a Rolls-Royce inspired design with thick vertical bars that was used again for the 1989 through 1992 Cadillac Brougham. V6 power was offered as a credit option later in the 1980 model year, and this became the first non-V8 powerplant that was offered in a Cadillac since 1914. A new 368 CID, 6.0L V8 was the standard engine for 1980. The rear window glass for both 2 and 4-door models was now the same, as the sporty slanted rear window was replaced and the formal vertical look was now shared with the sedans.
A digital display arrived and did away with the slide lever and thumb wheel, to set the interior temperature to a single degree. The Deville was priced at $12,899 for the coupe and $13,282 for the sedan for 1980. Unfortunately sales dropped to a depressing 55,490 units and the Sedan de Ville dropped to dismal 49,188 units. The popular Cabriolet option fro the Coupe de Ville was offered at $350 while the Oldsmobile's 5.7 liter diesel V8 was still available at $924.
In 1981 the Cadillac received a modulated-displacement 368 in³ V8-6-4 engine and that was the big news for the year. This engine was developed by the Eaton Corporation and featured design elements that had been tested for over 500,000 miles and allowed various engine computers that would decide how many cylinders were needed to power the car for optimal fuel economy. Also available for this year was Oldsmobile's 5.7 liter V8 diesel engine. Also returning this year was the 125 hp Buick V6 joined with an automatic transmission.
The Coupe de Ville was priced at $13,450 while the Sedan de Ville was priced at $13,847 and now featured an available automatic seat belt system. This was the first time it was offered on a GM vehicle. The should point was moved from the upper B-pillar to the upper door glass frame with the automatic shoulder/lap belt system, and the belt reel was moved from the floor onto the door itself and was installed in the lower corner. This option was available for $150 and was only available on V6-powered Sedan De Villes, and eventually appeared as standard equipment on the 1990-1992 Brougham's.
Similar to the pattern from 1979, a new grille design was made up of small squares, and the egg-crate 1981 grille cast was once again used for the 1987 and 1988 Cadillac Brougham models. The d'Elegance package was priced at $1,005 and was available on both models, while the Cabriolet package was priced at $363. For 1980 sales were slightly increased and 89,991 sedans were sold and 62,724 coupes.
For 1982, changes were only very slight but they did include a new grille design, along with a revamped parking lamp, and a new standard wheel cover design. An all new aluminum-block 249 cu 4.1 liter HT series V8 engine was introduced by Cadillac to replace the V8-6-4. A closed-loop digital fuel injection system was introduced in the new powerplant, along with free-standing cast-iron cylinders within a cast-aluminum block and joined with a 4-speed automatic-overdrive transmission.
Other available engine options this year included the Buick V6 or Oldsmobile's diesel V8 engine. The Electronic Climate Control also had an updated fascia that now included an 'Outside Temperature' button. Earlier the outside temperature had been available through an illuminated thermometer that was mounted to the driver's outside mirror. Also in 1982 the new front-drive Cadillac Cimarron took over as Cadillac's entry-level model. The Sedan de Ville was priced at $15,699 and the Coupe de Ville at $15,249. For 1982 a total of 50,130 coupes were sold and 86,020 sedans.
For the 1983 model the DeVille received slight updates under the hood that added 10 hp and brought the rating up to 135 to the standard 4.1 liter powerplant. The Buick V6 credit-option was dropped. The grille design was carried over from the previous year, but the Cadillac script moved from the chrome header onto the grille itself. The very popular Cabriolet roof package on the Coupe de Ville was priced at $415. Both models could now be purchased with the $1,150 d'Elegance package. This was supposed to be the final year for the rear-drive De Ville as new front-drive models would take over for '84, but a variety of developmental delays caused the De Ville to stay in rear-drive form for one more year. A total of 109,004 sedans and 65,670 coupes were sold in 1983.
1984 was a re-run of the rear-wheel drive Coupe de Ville and the Sedan de Ville due to a delay in production of the all-new front-drive De Villes. This would the final time that the De Ville would utilize the 'V' emblem below the Cadillac crest and next year it would change to the crest and wreath emblem. The De Ville received body-color side moldings and gold-tone winged crest on the parking lamps up from and tail lights in the rear. Other changes included an updated exhaust system and a revamped catalytic converter. The diesel V8 was now available at no extra charge, while the optional d'Elegance package was priced at $1,150 while the Cabriolet option for Coupe de Ville priced at $420.
Sales for 1984 peaked a total of 107,920 of 4-door vehicles and 50,840 2-door units. It was a short model year for the rear-wheel drive Coupe and Sedan de Ville. In the spring of 1984 the all-new front-drive Coupe de Ville and Sedan de Ville arrived. A total of 45,330 units were sold of the new 1985 front-drive models during the 1984 model year.
The seventh generation of the De Ville was introduced in 1985 and the Deville and Fleetwood switched to GM's new front-wheel drive C-body platform. The new Cadillac's were introduced as the 'Cadillac of Tomorrow'. These new models were externally smaller but they kept nearly identical interior dimensions as their predecessors. Nearly the entire Cadillac line of vehicles switched to front wheel drive leaving only the Fleetwood Brougham as the rear wheel drive hold-out. The only engine was the Cadillac HT4100 V8 and it was joined with a 440T4 automatic. Cadillac was the only line to offer a V8 engine of GM's front-drive C and H bodies.
The Deville was still available in sedan or coupe form in 1985, while the d'Elegance package was no longer available on the Deville, but only available solely on the Fleetwood sedan. The '85 Lincoln Town Car was unfortunately selling out the Deville this year.
Attempting to regroup and win back those lost customers, in 1987 Cadillac introduced a new front-end design with one-piece composite headlamps alongside a new trapezoid-shaped grille. In the back, the Deville received elongated fender caps which increased the overall length by an inch and a half and now featured wrap-around tail lamps. This new 3-sided tail lamp style was inspired by a design that had been used on the 1977 Deville. The 1987 update was pretty similar to the 1986 model but the design was a bit closer to what traditional Cadillac buyers were searching for.
Cadillac's Touring Sedan and Touring Coupe were unveiled in 1986 and based on the standard Deville but featured extras such as front air dam with fog lamps, a subtle rear deck lid spoiler, rear seat headrests, leather upholstery, and a performance enhancement package among other features. The Touring coupe also featured removable decorative louvers on the rear edge of the side opera windows.
For 1987 the Coupe de Ville was sold at $21,316, the Sedan de Ville at $21,659, the Fleetwood d'Elegance at $26,104 and the new Fleetwood Sixty-Special at $34,850. The Touring option was available at $2,880 over Deville's base cost and included aluminum wheels that were mounted on 15' Goodyear Eagle GT tires.
The following year, not much was updated on the Cadillac Deville as a large restyle was scheduled for the 1989 model year. A new 155 hp 4.5 L V8 was introduced and this would also be the final year for the Deville-based Touring sedan and coupe models.
The Lincoln continued to be Cadillac's main competition which was now featuring an all-new front wheel drive Continental. But since Lincoln wasn't able to configure its aging 5.0 liter V8 to a front-wheel drive vehicle to the new Continental went into production with only a 6-cylinder engine. The Deville with its eight-cylinder engine had an edge over the new V6 Continental since gas prices remained low and buyers were not concerned with the economy as much before.
The eighth generation of the Deville was introduced in 1989 and featured a longer 113.7' wheelbase for sedans. The trunk was now 3 cubic feet larger than the previous year, and the 155 hp 4.5 liter powerplant, dashboard and the front doors were basically the only items to carry over. Both the Fleetwood coupe and the Coupe de Ville kept the interior from the year before, along with the wheelbase and doors.
The Deville and Fleetwood kept the tilt feature in exchange for a steering-wheel mounted airbag in 1990 and lost their telescopic steering column. The engine output was increased an additional 25 hp due to sequential-port fuel injection. In this same year, 1990 models received GM's PASS Key theft-deterrent system which utilized a coded electronic pellet embedded into the ignition key. Thought the Lincoln's Continental wasn't much of a competition for the Deville anymore, its new competition was the Toyota Lexus LS400 and Nissan's Infiniti Q45.
A 200 hp 4.9 liter V8 was introduced in 1991 and became the new standard powerplant. Also new for this year was a grille that was an inverted trapezoid design and new body-side moldings. Continuing on today, the new grille carried the familiar shape of the Cadillac crest itself.
The Touring Sedan returned for 1991 with larger fold-in flag style side mirrors, stabilizer bars, larger tires, and quicker-ratio steering. The interior was equipped very similar to the Fleetwood models with passenger and driver power reclining seats, genuine walnut trim, standard digital instrumentation and outboard rear seat headrests. The Touring Sedan carried its own distinctive leather seating in just one color though, 'Beachwood'. Standard on the Touring Sedan was the 'Symphony Sound' system with cassette, much like other DeVille models, with the optional Delco/Bose available with cassette or single-slot CD player.
For 1993 the De Ville received very few changes as 1994 would herald a brand-new replacement. Only minor trims were made that included black-out trim in the grille and the removal of the chrome strip from the glass divider on the sedan's rear doors. A secondary hood release latch was added at the bottom of the grille instead of above the passenger side headlight in 1993 that was easier to unhook. The end of the line for the Sixty-Special was 1993 and also the Coupe de Ville. The Coupe de Ville had been declining in sales over the years, and so in 1994 the 4-door sedan style was the only body style.
The ninth generation was introduced in 1994 and the DeVille was redesigned to share the K-body platform with the Seville. The wheelbase remained at 113.8' though the body was redesigned and was used on the Seville. Production this year also moved to Hamtramck, Michigan.
While lesser models retained the HT-4900 until 1996, the DeVille Concours was now available with the new 270 hp LD8 Northstar V8. In 1996 the base model took on the lower-output Northstar while the Concours moved up to the high-output L37 Northstar with 300 hp. The 1993-only Cadillac Sixty Special was replaced with the DeVille Concours.
For the 1997 model year the DeVille received a minor redesign, while the d'Elegance trim line replaced the Cadillac Fleetwood. Updates included new headlights and a new grille, the rear wheel skirts were removed and the black/chrome trim was replaced by a double chrome trim in the base Deville, gold and chrome trim in the d'Elegance and body colored and chrome trim in the Concours. The name Sedan deVille was shortened to DeVille. A new dashboard design in the interior was updated and now hid the passenger airbag seams and new door panels with front side-airbags and the new availability of OnStar system.
The tenth generation of the De Ville was introduced in 2000 until 2005. This would be the first major redesign since 1994 for the De Ville and it would also be the final generation of the De Ville. A new sportier, elegant and more aerodynamic design was unveiled this year. The interior featured new door panels and seats while the radio face and the dashboard only received minor updates. 2000 was the first year the LED tail lamps were placed in vehicles, a feature that now pretty normal on both luxury and family cars. The new Deville DHS replaced the d'Elegance and featured several comfort options that included power rear seat window sunshade and heated/massaging rear seats.
The Deville Concours was re-dubbed as the Deville DTS and came with available stability control, onboard navigation, active suspension and magnetic variable assist steering. The final version of the DeVille continued through the redesign of 2000 and production was ended in 2005. For 2006 it was replaced by the restyled and renamed DTS; DeVille Touring Sedan.
De Villes have always been GM's top-selling luxury sedan and featured class-leading automotive technology. They were also a popular conversion chassis, most commonly as hearses and limousines, but the Lincoln Town Car was more often used as a limousine chassis because of its rear wheel drive and body on frame architecture which had a more rigid chassis for a long car.By Jessica Donaldson