Buick, the cornerstone division of General Motors, offered both four-and six-cylinder models in 1923, with 109-, 118- and 124-inch wheelbase sizes, and prices from $865 to $2,200. Styling changes included crowned fenders, new drum-shaped headlamps, and cowl lights. The new grille design would remain virtually unchanged through 1927. Technical improvements included repositioned rear spring hangers, a transmission lock, and a lowered suspension. Engine life was increased through a hardened cylinder-block casting and a larger crankshaft. Additional engine improvements included strengthened connecting rods, pistons, and main bearings.
A wide variety of body styles were offered including roadster, touring sedan, sedan, and touring. The Touring body style was the most popular with 45,227 examples produced. The Buick Series 23 cars were available in a wide array of 15 open and closed body styles.
The 'valve in head' overhead-valve four-cylinder engine had three main bearings, mechanical valve lifters, and 170 cubic-inch displacements. Both the four- and six-cylinder engines benefitted from the engineering prowess of Walter L. Marr, a close associate of company founder David Dunbar Buick. Marr devised the sophisticated 'valve in head' OHV cylinder heads, elevating Buick engineering above its competition. The engineering prowess was proven by a modified Buick Series 23-Six Sport Roadster achieving a speed of 108.24 mph at California's Muroc Dry Lake.
Buick produced over 210,500 vehicles in 1923, a healthy increase over the 123,152 produced the prior year. On March 21st of 1923, Buick built its one-millionth car. by Daniel Vaughan | Dec 2008
For the 1923 model year, Buick styling was substantially improved with crowned fenders, cowl lights and new drum-shaped headlights. The 1923 Buick also received a fresh appearance with its new grille design; this feature would remain virtually unchan....[continue reading]