Road car production moved from being a necessity for Ferrari to an essential part of the company's ongoing stability. The earliest series-production Ferrari automobiles, the 250 Europa, were built from 1953 to 1954 totaling twenty cars. The Europa was followed by the 250 GT in 1954, which brought a more compact and lighter Colombo-designed 3-liter V12 in place of the predecessor's Lampredi unit. By this point, these were still batch-produced specialty cars with cosmetic features and mechanical attributes which often varied from on example to the next. This was true of the first series cabriolets which was been designed and built by Pinin Farina at their specialty shop rather than the Grugliasco factory, which was still under construction.
As the 1960s came into view, Ferrari was perfecting their production model line-up. Ferrari recognized that there had been many external similarities between the road going cabriolets and the Scaglietti-built California Spider for customers to easily understand the difference. Ferrari corrected this with the introduction of Pinin Farina's second-series 250 GT Cabriolet prototype on chassis number 1213 GT in late 1959. The Series II was visually different from the California Spiders, wearing a more rounded nose and faired-in headlamps. It had improved interior space for the occupants as well as additional room in the trunk. It offered a greater level of luxury along with grand touring readability.
Mechanical improvements included all-wheel disc brakes and the latest iteration of the classic Colombo V-12 engine, coded as the Tipo 128F. The engine, first appearing in one of the aluminum-bodied California Spiders of 1959, had its spark plugs relocated to the V-12's outside surfaced, and the coil-valve springs were substituted for hairpins. These changes allowed the engine to breathe better and improved reliability and torque.
The new cabriolet made its debut in 1959 at the Paris Motor Show and approximately 200 examples of the second-series Pinin Farina Cabriolet were produced through mid-1962. by Daniel Vaughan | Jul 2018
In 1957 Ferrari produced its first real convertible model for the road, the 250 Gran Turismo Cabriolet, bodied by Pinin Farina. Only 40 of these first series soft top Ferraris were built before being replaced with the updated Series II in September o....[continue reading]
As the company's most successful early line of vehicles, the Ferrari 250 was produced for over a decade from 1953 to 1964 and resulted in several variants. The Ferrari 250 GT Cabriolet Series II was launched at the Paris Salon of 1959. The Series II ....[continue reading]
The Geneva Motor Show of March 1956 represented a milestone for Ferrari, as the Italian company debuted the seminal 250 GT, regarded by many automotive historians as the first true series-produced model to emerge from Maranello. Although the Geneva p....[continue reading]
In 1957 Ferrari produced the 250 Granturismo Cabriolet bodied by Pinin Farina. Only 40 of these first-series soft-top Ferraris were built before being replaced with the updated Series II, launched at the Paris Auto Show in 1959. ....[continue reading]
As racing costs continued to increase for Ferrari during the mid- to late-1950s, Ferrari needed to sell more road-going models to help pay for its extensive racing program. Ferrari had offered road-going models in the past, but they were essentially ....[continue reading]
Ferrari 250 GT Pinin Farina Cabriolet Series II with chassis number 2145GT is a left hand drive vehicle. The car has had only a few owners since new. During the early 1990s it was shown but its owner, Robert Nuzzo of the US, at the Colorado Grand. It....[continue reading]
1960 was the last year for the Pinin Farina Coupe with 353 built from 1958. The Coupe looked much like a Series 2 250 PF Cabriolet although with a hardtop. Both Cabriolet and Coupe had that somewhat understated PF styling prevalent in the period. Und....[continue reading]
There were just 200 examples of the Series II Pinin Farina Cabriolet produced between 1959 and 1962. The asking price of 5,800,000 lire nearly guaranteed its exclusivity. This particular Series II Cabriolet was completed at the factory in May of 1960....[continue reading]
The Ferrari 250 GT provided the company with much needed financial stability and was Ferrari's first volume-produced model. Production began with the 250 Europa, constructed from 1953 to 1954 (with fewer than twenty cars), before being superseded by ....[continue reading]
This 250 GT Pinin Farina Coupe with serial number 2017GT is one of the last 250 GT coupes built. With the standard 3-liter V12 engine, the 2+2 is fitted with disc brakes, electronic overdrive and is shown in the Ferrari color of Grigio Conchiglia, o....[continue reading]
This car was originally delivered in pale green Grigio Conchiglia over a tan leather and vinyl interior to its original owner in Milan. By 1974, the car had been exported to America and disassembled. It was sold around 1980, still apart, before being....[continue reading]
This is a series 2 Pininfarina Cabriolet on the 250 long wheelbase frame - some 202 were made between 1959 and 1962; it followed the Series 1 from 1957 to 1959 of which some 40 were made. Between 1958 and 1960 Ferrari also made 353 similar cars to th....[continue reading]
It is estimated that 200 examples of the 250 GT Pinin Farina Cabriolet were built. This particular example, chassis number 1695 GT, has a rather extensive list of ownership history. It entered the Pinin Farina plant for coachwork on December 1st of 1....[continue reading]
This Ferrari 250 GT Coupe by Pinin Farina is the 291st of the 353 250 GT Coupes built. It was completed by Pinin Farina on March 16th of 1960 and supplied new to the first owner S.Q.V.I.B. S.p.A. of Milan later that same month. The car was then sold ....[continue reading]
The Ferrari 250 GT Cabriolet Series II by Pinin Farina was a true gentleman's high-speed touring car. They were well appointed luxury cars exquisitely trimmed and appointed to meet Ferrari's demanding and discerning clientele. The trunk provided adeq....[continue reading]
Chassis #: 2039 GT
Chassis #: 1803GT
Chassis #: 2079 GT
Chassis #: 1805 GT
Chassis #: 2145 GT
Chassis #: 1671
Chassis #: 1817 GT
Chassis #: 1981GT
Chassis #: 2017GT
Chassis #: 2143GT
Chassis #: 1939 GT
Chassis #: 1695 GT
Chassis #: 1745 GT
Chassis #: 2007 GT
Production of the 250 Series began in 1954 and continued on through the early part of the 1960's. There were numerous variations of the 250 and would ultimately become Ferrari's most successful line of vehicles to date. The 250 is also recognized as the first Ferrari to ever receive disc brakes. This did not take place until the end of the 1950's. Also, the 250 was the first four-seater.
Ferrari's were custom built cars. They were not mass-produced. Ferrari provided the engine and chassis while Italian coach builders provided the body. This meant the specifications varied. Engines also varied in horsepower rating, torque, and displacement. This was no different for the 250 GT which saw many different variations in body style and body types.
Ferrari built the road-going Ferrari's to fuel his passion for racing. Many of the vehicles he built for the road had a competition model. That is, a modified version of the road-going model. An example of this was the 1959 short-wheel base (SWB) Berlinetta (Berlinetta which means coupe) and given an aluminum body. It was debuted in October 1959 at the Paris Salon. GT cars were road-legal vehicles that could also be taken to the track and compete without the need for modifications. Although this was their purpose, Ferrari realized that many customers would not race their vehicle, but rather wanted the power and performance that sports cars offered. To comply, Ferrari built these cars to be powerful and luxurious. The vehicles could still be run on the track, mostly on requiring the adoption of stickers and complying with any safety requirements.
The 250 road-going vehicles mostly shared two wheelbase sizes, a 2400 mm and 2600 mm. The 2400 wheelbase were referred to as the SWB (Short wheel base) while the other was the LWB (long wheel base).
The base engine was a Colombo 60-degree, single-over-head cam, 'vee' type 12-cylinder, with aluminum alloy block and heads, and cast-iron cylinder liners. The displacement was 180 cubic inch (2953 cc). Horsepower production was around 220-260. The front suspension was independent with double wishbones and coil springs. The rear suspension was a live axle.
The first 250 introduced was the 250S and available in either berlinetta or spider configuration. Introduced in 1952, they were powered by a 3-liter Colombo engine producing about 230 horsepower.
At the 1953 Paris Motor Show, Ferrari introduced the 250 Europa and Export. These were the only models in the series that were powered by a Lampredi v-12 engine also seen in Formula 1. The 250 Export had a 2400 MM wheelbase, similar tot he 250 MM. The 250 Europa had a larger, 2800 mm wheelbase which allowed more interior room. During their short production lifespan, only 18 examples were produced. Pininfarina and Vignale were tasked with creating the coachwork.
In 1954 four specialty built 250 Monza were built for racing. They shared many similarities with the 750 Monza's, but were equipped with the 3-liter Colombo engine.
At the 1957 Geneva auto show, Ferrari displayed their 250 GT Cabriolet. Coachwork was courtesy of Pininfarina; the wheelbase was 2600 mm in size. In 1959 the second in the 250 GT Cabriolet series production began after only 36 examples being produced.
From 1957 through 1959 Ferrari produced the 250 GT Berlinetta 'Tour de France' (TdF). The name had been given for the 10-day automobile race. Originally the engine produced 240 horsepower but was later modified to 260 horsepower. Carrozzeria Scaglietti was responsible for creating the bodies based on Pinin Farina's design.
Scaglietti was responsible for constructing the 1957 250 GT California Spyder. These sat atop a long, 2600 mm chassis and aluminum was used throughout the body in efforts to reduce the overall weight. In total, around 45 examples were created before they were replaced by the SWB version in 1960.
There were 250 examples of the 250 GT Berlinetta SWB produced. Production began in 1959 and used the shortened, sportier wheelbase. Giotto Bizzarrini, Carlo Chiti, and Mauro Forghieri were responsible for the development. Some were built for racing while others were meant for daily transportation. Horsepower ranged from 240 to 280. Steel or aluminum bodies were used. The steel bodies were suited for the road-going vehicles, also known as Lusso. The racing trim vehicles were powerful and had low weight. They were vary competitive and are regarded as the most important GT racers of its time. In 1961 the SWB Berlinetta captured the GT class of the Constructor's Championship.
In 1960 a Scaglietti 250 GT Spyder California SWB was shown at the Geneva Motor Show. Built as a replacement for the LWB and based on the 250 GT SWB, around 55 examples were produced.
The Ferrari 250TR was produced from 1957 through 1958 during which only 19 examples were created. The 'pontoon' fender body was designed by Scaglietti and the power was supplied through a Colombo 12-cylinder engine mounted at a sixty-degree angle and outfitted with six Weber 38 DCN carburetors. Power was sent to the rear wheels via a four-speed manual gearbox. With 300 horsepower, the 800 kg vehicle was able to achieve a 168 mph top speed. From 1958 through 1961, the 250 TR was entered in 19 championship races where they emerged victorious ten times.
The 250 in 250 TR represented the unitary displacement while the TR was an acronym meaning Testa Rossa. Testa Rossa translates to 'red head' which referred to the color of the engine's cylinder head.
The 250 TR series was built to capture the world championship which was experience questionable times. During the 1955 24 Hours of Lemans a fatal accident occurred and the Commissione Sportiva Internazionale (CSI) began investigating ways to make the sport safer for the drivers and the spectators. Their efforts were escalated in 1967 when another fatal accident occurred at the 1957 Mille Miglia. The committee decided upon a displacement limit but they were in disagreement on the size; the proposed figures ranged from 3 to around 3.5 liters.
1958 was the introductory year for the new regulations, which had been announced during the later part of 1957. Ferrari had been building, testing, and racing the 250 GT which had performed well during the 1957 Mille Miglia. The Colombo V12 260 horsepower engine received a larger bore, camshaft, and other improvements resulting in a 3.1 liter displacement and 320 horsepower. Testing continued throughout the 1957 season in both body configuration and mechanical components.
Ferrari had anticipated the new engine size regulations and thus had been sufficiently prepared to capture the world championship. Due to the potential of negative publicity caused by the fatal accidents, other manufacturers, such as Aston Martin, Lotus, Cooper and Jaguar, were hesitant to continue racing. Ferrari believed their closest competitor would be the powerful and technologically advanced Maserati 450 S which featured a quad-cam eight-cylinder engine.
Ferrari quickly began capturing victories during the 1958 season. The 250 TR was a solid vehicle thanks to the preparation and testing. The steel tubular ladder frame was of traditional Ferrari construction; a DeDion rear axle was used on the works racers. Customer cars were outfitted with a live axle. Drum brakes were placed on all four corners of the car. The engine had been modified to comply with regulations and to fit in the engine bay. In reality, the vehicle was an outdated car having only the benefit of proper planning and proven technology. Most cars featured disc brakes which provided superior stopping power. The Colombo engine dated back to the beginning of Ferrari and was antiquated in comparison to the modern power-plants.
Nearing the close of the 1958 season, the competition began to rise. Aston Martin had a lethal combination, a 3 liter DBR1 racer and Stirling Moss as the driver. Even though the Aston Martins did score a victory at Nurburgring 1000 KM, Ferrari was able to capture the World Championship. The legendary Phil Hill and Olivier Gendebien easily capture a third victory for Ferrari at the grueling 24 Hours of Lemans. The 250 TR works cars were referred to as TR58, to distinguish them from the customer TRs.
For the 1959 season, the vehicles received slight modifications which made the vehicle lighter and more powerful. The big news was the use of Dunlop disc brakes. The engine received coil valve springs and the horsepower increased slightly to 306. A Colotti designed five speed gearbox replaced the four-speed unit. Pininfarina was tasked with designing a new body and the construction was handled by Fantuzzi. As a result of the improvements, the name was changed to TR59. At their inaugural race, the TR59 finished first and second. This streak did not last and at the end of the season, it was Aston Martin who emerged as the world champion. The TR59 was plagued with reliability issues mostly due to the gearbox. The vehicles were forced to retire early from races, including Le Mans.
For the 1960 season, the TR was modified slightly to comply with new regulations and to rectify the transmission issues. These vehicles are commonly referred to as the TR59/60. Aston Martin had withdrawn from the championship which left no factory opposition for Ferrari. Porsche and Maserati provided competition, especially at Targa Florio and the Nurburgring 1000 km where they scored victories. At Le Mans, Ferrari finished first and second and captured the word championship, beating Porsche by only four points.
For the 1961 season, Ferrari introduced the mid-engined 246 SP. The TRI61 was given a new spaceframe chassis and was able to capture victories at Sebring 12 Hours and Le Mans. With victories between the 246 SP and the TRI61, Ferrari once again captured the world championship.
The CSI implemented stricter rules for the 1962 season which meant the TR was unable to score points for the factory. It was still allowed to race for the overall victory. By Daniel Vaughan | Feb 2007
This year marks the 50th anniversary of what must surely be regarded as one of the most beautiful Ferraris ever made the Dino. Named in honour of Enzos son who designed the V6 engine used in the car...