For the 5 decades the Porsche 911 has been produced, it has proved to be a capable Grand Tourer, circuit racer, and rally car. The first 911 made its appearance in 1963 at the Frankfurt Motor Show as the '901'. Just after production commenced in 1964, its named was changed to the 911, following Peugeot's complaints about the use of '0' model numbers. The 911 had the similar rear-engine layout as the preceding Type 356, though it switched to unitary construction for the body shell and exchanged the 356's VW-based suspension for a modern McPherson strut and trailing arm arrangement. The first incarnation of the 911 was powered by a single overhead camshaft, air-cooled flat six that displaced 1991cc and offered 130 horsepower. Over the years, it was enlarged and developed, eventually growing to more than 3 liters. With the help of a turbocharger, the engine produced over 300 horsepower.
Porsche launched the Benjamin Dimson designed 911 Carrera 2 and Carrera 4 (known internally as the Type 964) in 1989. Initially, just the four-wheel drive form (Carrera 4 or C4) was offered; the following year the two-wheel drive Carrera 2 (C2) was introduced. This marked the first time that four-wheel drive had been used on a series-production Porsche model. With its smoother sills and flatter floorpan, it had a drag coefficient of 0.32. High-speed stability was ensured with the help of self-deploying rear spoiler.
Porsche had gained experience with 4-wheel drive on the 959 supercar, and many of those lessons learned influenced the design of the 964's suspension and chassis. Power-assisted steering (a first for the 911), anti-lock brakes and a five-speed manual transaxle were standard equipment.
The Type 964 was 85-percent different from the outgoing model. The displacement was now 3.6-liters and developed 250 horsepower. Aerodynamics, downforce, stability and road holding at high speed were greatly improved. The retractable spoiler automatically extended at 50 mph which increased downforce and doubled the volume of cooling air fed into the engine compartment. The interior received revised instrumentation which had a larger set of warning lights which were tied into the car's central warning system, enhancing Porsche's reputation for reliability.
Zero-to-sixty miles per hour was accomplished in 5.3 seconds and top speed exceeded 160 mph. During its five years of production over 62,000 examples left the factory.
In 1992, the European market was given the opportunity to purchase a lightweight, rear-wheel drive only version of the 964 called the Carrera RS. It was available in three variants that included Touring, Lightweight and N/GT. The standard engine received modifications, internally titled M64/03, with output increased to 260 hp. A lightweight flywheel was coupled to the G50/10 transmission with closer ratios, symmetrical limited-slip differential and steel synchromesh. For increased stiffness and rigidity, the body shell was entirely steam-welded. Thinner glass was installed for some of the windows, the wheels were magnesium versions of the cup wheel, and the front bonnet was constructed from light alloy. Its stance was lowered by 40 mm and the suspension was given stiffer springs and shocks in addition to adjustable anti-roll bars. These improvements made the Carrera RS 345 pounds lighter than the United States version Carrera 2 model. The lightweight 964-generation 911 Carrera RS were essentially track-day specials that could be legally driven on the road.
For the United States market, they received the limited edition American Roadster in 1992. They were built to commemorate the 1952 American Roadsters that had competed at Thompson Raceway in 1952. They were equipped with air-conditioning, power steering, a six-speaker stereo and the turbocharger 201.3 CID engine with 320 horsepower.
The 1992 Carrera 2 and Carrera 4 were available as a coupe, targa, and cabriolet. Pricing began at $63,900 for the Carrera 2 Coupe and 609 examples were sold. The Carrera 2 Cabriolet was the most popular in the lineup with 654 examples built. by Daniel Vaughan | May 2019
Internally known as the 964, Porsche's engineers started production on the latest manifestation of the 911 in January 1989. The claim was made that the 964 was more than 80 all-new and subtle though it may have been, it is a worthy statement. The fam....[continue reading]
The third generation 911 - model number 964, externally differed from its predecessors only slightly in appearance. Most noticeable are its aerodynamic bumpers and automatically extending rear spoiler, but internally it was almost completely differen....[continue reading]
The early 1990s Porsche Carrera RS was introduced as a lightweight, track-ready version of the Carrera 2 based on the 911 'Carrera Cup'. As on the original 2.7 RS from the early 1970s, the 1990 version focused on weight reduction. Nearly every non-es....[continue reading]
This 1992 Porsche 964 Turbo S2 is one of just 20 built for competing in the IMSA Carrera Cup racing series. The car was given S2 performance upgrades that were installed primarily at Andial in Santa Ana, California. The modifications included more ag....[continue reading]
Porsche unveiled the 964-based Carrera RS in 1991 as a high-performance, limited-production version of the Carrera 2 production car built. Amenities such as power-adjustable seats, cruise control, an entertainment system, air conditioning, and sound ....[continue reading]
The 964 model was introduced in 1989 and wore a design by Tony Lapine. It was believed to be 87% new, and came with a revised suspension, and rear torsion bars replaced by tubular shocks and coil springs. The suspension was lowered by 40 mm, and the ....[continue reading]
In 1992 the Carrera RS (Type 964) was a stripped-down version of the standard Carrera, shedding 130kg. Zero to 62 mph took only 5.3 seconds. The weight reduction was achieved with an aluminum hood, thinner-gauge side and un-heated rear window glass a....[continue reading]
Porsche introduced the Type 964 Carrera RS in 1991. It was a lightweight version based on the 'Carrera Cup' competition car and sold in Europe only. There was a lower-specification 'RS America' for the United States market. The Carrera RS was powered....[continue reading]
The Porsche 964 Carrera RS was a minimalistic vehicle fitted with a more powerful engine, revised suspension, seam-welded chassis, bucket seats, lightweight Cup wheels, and larger brakes. In total, just 2,405 examples were built. ....[continue reading]
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Related Reading : Porsche 911 History
The legendary Porsche 911 is the longest production run sports car of all time. It was conceived as a successor for the highly successful Porsche 356 and from the start had high aspirations for success. Ferry Porsches son, Ferdinand Alexander Porsche, designed the 911. When it went into production it was labeled the 901 but Peugeot had claims to the name, so to avoid infringing on their naming.... Continue Reading >>
Related Reading : Porsche 911 History
Who could predict that the 911 would be Porsches saving grace and surpass the 356 in sales, longevity Quickly establishing itself as an icon of 60s cool, the iconic 911 only became more popular as the years went on. The flagship of the current lineup of Porsche, the 911 (pronounced Nine Eleven) or Neunelfer is a two-door grand tourer with a very distinctive design. The 911 is one of the oldest.... Continue Reading >>
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